How can diabetes affect one’s feet?
High blood sugar in people who suffer from diabetes can lead to a serious complication. More than 30 percent of diabetic patients who are over 40 years of age start to suffer from medical problems that develop in their feet. Moreover, diabetes is accountable for maximum limb amputations caused by blood sugar problems. By knowing some facts and early symptoms of diabetic feet, you can avoid dangerous and severe complications. An excellent source of information on dry cracked feet can be found at positive health and wellness’s blog post on dry cracked feet.
Early Symptoms of Diabetic Feet
- Excess Pain: Severe and continuous painful feet can be an early sign of diabetic feet.
- Redness: Redness or rashes on feet can be a symptom of an internal infection that leads to serious problems.
- Swelling: Swelling of feet is probably one of the earliest signs of diabetic feet which can be caused by a bacterial infection. (Source)
Severe Symptoms of Diabetic Feet
- Ulcers: One of the most prominent symptoms of diabetic feet is ulcers. Due to decreased sensation and low blood circulation, the feet may develop an ulcer.
- Gangrene: Some diabetic patients develop Gangrenewhich is caused if the tissues don’t receive sufficient oxygen. Gangrene can appear from a mild to severe and dangerous condition and must be dealt with carefully.
- Cellulitis: Diabetic patients need to be especially careful about their feet as the feet are potentially the most at risk. Cellulitis, for example occurs when a bacteria enters the skin through cuts or bruises and affects the surface of the skin. When affected by cellulitis, the feet appear to be red, swollen and feels tender and sometimes painful.
- Osteomyelitis: Osteomyelitis is an infection that affects the bones. A bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus can cause Osteomyelitis if it enters the body.
- Discoloration of Toe Nails: Discoloration of the toe nails may be caused by a fungal nail infection which leads one or more toenails to change the colour and texture. The infected area may crumble or may easily detach from its place.
Problems Caused by Diabetic Feet
- Athlete’s foot: Athlete’s foot is a contagious fungal infection that affects the skin on the feet and since it is contagious, it can easily transfer to other parts of the body. A person is infected by athlete’s foot when the tinea fungus is grown on the feet. Diabetic patients become mostly at risk due to weak immunity system.
- Calluses: Calluses are hard and thickened area that develops at the bottom of the feet. Although it is a common occurrence on many people’s feet, it can be a threat to diabetic people as the calluses could be concealing a severe ulcer under that thick layer of skin. Calluses can be painful and people with diabetes problem who have calluses must seek medical treatment.
- Hammertoes: Hammertoes may occur due to weak foot muscles in diabetic people which results in bent and abnormality in toes. There can also be sores at the bottom of the feet and on the toes as well that can become infected if not treated properly.
If you notice any of the above mentioned symptoms in yourself or any of your family member’s feet, seek medical assistance before the condition gets worse.